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An apex organisation under the Central Government, is entrusted with the task of formulating and administering, in consultation with other Central Ministries/Departments, State Governments/UT Administrations, organisations and individuals, policies for Road Transport, National Highways and Transport Research with a view to increasing the mobility and efficiency of the road transport system in the country. The Ministry has two wings: Roads wing and Transport wing.

Road Wing

Deals with development and maintenance of National Highway in the country

Main Responsibilities:

  • Planning, development and maintenance of National Highways in the country.
  • Extends technical and financial support to State Governments for the development of state roads and the roads of inter-state connectivity and economic importance
  • Evolves standard specifications for roads and bridges in the country.
  • Serves as a repository of technical knowledge on roads and bridges.

Transport Wing

Deals with matter relating to Road Transport 

Main Responsibilities:

  • Motor Vehicle legislation.
  • Administration of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.
  • Taxation of motor vehicles.
  • Compulsory insurance of motor vehicles.
  • Administration of the Road Transport Corporations Act, 1950.
  • And promotion of Transport co-operatives in the field of motor transport.
  • Evolves road safety standards in the form of a National Policy on Road Safety and by preparing and implementing the Annual Road Safety Plan.
  • Collects, compiles and analyses road accident statistics and takes steps for developing a Road Safety Culture in the country by involving the members of public and organising various awareness campaigns.
  • Provides grants-in-aid to Non-Governmental Organisations in accordance with the laid down guidelines.